Bio

  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$og_groups in vsite_menus_nodeapi() (line 58 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_menus/vsite_menus.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory_path in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 437 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: region in os_boxes_vsite_widgets() (line 428 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: popup in os_boxes_get_vsite_widget() (line 483 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 3 in spaces_controller_vsite_context->load_preset_values() (line 68 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_layout/plugins/spaces_controller_vsite_context.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: factory in os_boxes_vsite_default_blocks_alter() (line 768 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: players in shadowbox_get_settings() (line 426 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/contrib/shadowbox/shadowbox.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: a3 in vsite_comments_nodeapi() (line 117 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_comments/vsite_comments.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: a4 in vsite_comments_nodeapi() (line 117 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_comments/vsite_comments.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: node_classes in scholar_base_preprocess_node() (line 160 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/template.php).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: vsite_admin_links in include() (line 4 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/node-bio.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$controls in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 709 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: block_classes in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 723 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: vsite_admin_links in include() (line 6 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: edit_links in include() (line 16 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$controls in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 709 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: block_classes in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 723 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: vsite_admin_links in include() (line 6 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: edit_links in include() (line 16 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined index: shield in os_boxes_shields->render() (line 73 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/plugins/os_boxes_shields/os_boxes_shields.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: content in theme_os_boxes_box() (line 812 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$cache in os_content_cache_context_reaction_block->get_cache_config() (line 167 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_blocks_content_cache/plugins/os_content_cache_context_reaction_block.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: in_active_trail in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: in_active_trail in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: has_children in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: in_active_trail in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: has_children in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: in_active_trail in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: in_active_trail in menu_tree_output() (line 766 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/includes/menu.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$controls in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 709 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: parent in os_boxes_boxes_plugins_alter() (line 376 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$plugin in os_boxes_preprocess_block() (line 722 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined index: block_classes in scholar_base_preprocess_block() (line 189 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/template.php).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: vsite_admin_links in include() (line 6 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: edit_links in include() (line 16 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/themes/openscholar/scholar_base/templates/block.tpl.php).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$cache in os_content_cache_context_reaction_block->get_cache_config() (line 167 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_blocks_content_cache/plugins/os_content_cache_context_reaction_block.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: show_tree in vsite_taxonomy_fbt->render() (line 187 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/plugins/vsite_taxonomy_fbt/vsite_taxonomy_fbt.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined offset: 1 in theme_vsite_taxonomy_term_list() (line 27 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_taxonomy/theme/vsite_taxonomy_term_list.inc).
  • Notice: Trying to get property of non-object in theme_vsite_taxonomy_term_list() (line 27 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/openscholar_vsite/vsite_taxonomy/theme/vsite_taxonomy_term_list.inc).
  • Notice: Undefined index: content in theme_os_boxes_box() (line 812 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_boxes/os_boxes.module).
  • Notice: Undefined property: stdClass::$cache in os_content_cache_context_reaction_block->get_cache_config() (line 167 of /home/suvratra/public_html/openscholar/sites/all/modules/os/modules/os_blocks_content_cache/plugins/os_content_cache_context_reaction_block.inc).

I studied at Sardar Patel Vidyalaya (1993-1999),  St. Stephen's College (1999-2002), and Harvard (2002-2008), where I got my PhD.  I worked at the Harish-Chandra Research Institute (2008-2012) for several years, and I remain an adjunct faculty member there. I now work at the International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, which is part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.

Obviously, none of my views on this site have anything to do with the official positions of these institutions.

I've lived in several places including Pune, Indore, Delhi, Boston, Mumbai and Allahabad, and now Bengaluru.

I work in theoretical physics; my research is in the area of quantum gravity and quantum field theory. If you are a student, or someone else looking to contact me for academic reasons, you should see my home page at ICTS for more details.

I'm also an activist, and the articles on this site should give you a sense of my views on various issues. Lately, I've written a lot on the subject of India's nuclear expansion, and if you came here looking for information on that, then you might want to look at this (incomplete) list of articles.